Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery (2 PDH)
Microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) technology makes use of special indigenous or exogenous microbial strains and nutrients that are injected into the reservoir to enhance oil production. Currently, the average recovery factor in the United States is only 39%. However, many experts believe that in the foreseeable future the recovery factor may reach as high as 70-80%. This article chronicles the history of the MEOR process from the theoretical beginnings in 1926 and the first successful field tests in 1954, to research advancements during the oil crisis of the 197os. The article then discusses current advancements that are increasing the MEOR process's efficiency exponentially.